Dewaterability of sewage sludge can be described by the total solids concentration of the sludge cake and by the polymer-demand for conditioning. Total solids concentration of the sludge cake depends on the physical water distribution. The various types of water in sewage sludge are mainly distinguished by type and intensity of their physical bonding to the solids. In a sewage sludge suspension four different types of water can be distinguished. These are free water, which is not bound to the particles, interstitial water, which is bound by capillary forces between the sludge flocs, surface water, which is bound by adhesive forces, and intracellular water. Only free water can be separated during mechanical dewatering. It can be shown, that thermo-gravimeteric measurement of the free water content leads to an exact prediction of full-scale dewatering results. Maximum dewatering results are reached by separating all free water during centrifugation. Polymer conditioning increases the velocity of thesludge water release, but the free water content is not influenced by this process. Furthermore it is not possible, to replace the measuring of the water distribution by other individual parameters such as ignition loss.
Prediction of full-scale dewatering results by determining the water distribution of sewage sludges
J. Kopp, N. Dichtl; Prediction of full-scale dewatering results by determining the water distribution of sewage sludges. Water Sci Technol 1 November 2000; 42 (9): 141–149. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2000.0191
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