The BOD removal rate and microbial community structure in a solid phase aerobic bioreactor using polyvinyl alcohol gel particles as packing material for the treatment of high strength organic wastewater were investigated at various temperatures. The BOD removal rate in the bioreactor increased when the temperature increased from 20°C to 30°C, 40°C, and 50°C, but it decreased when the temperature increased from 50°C to 60°C. Higher temperature enhanced the endogenous respiration of microbes in the bioreactor. The microbial community structure in the bioreactor was analyzed with quinone profile. The experimental results showed that the microbial community structure in the bioreactor was significantly affected by temperature. The dominant quinone of the microbes inhabiting the bioreactor was ubiquinone-8 at 30°C, but that at 50°C and 60°C was menaquinone-7. It was estimated that the thermophilic Bacillus having menaquinone-7 dominated in the bioreactor at higher temperature. The microbial diversity in the bioreactor varied with temperature.

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