“Johkasou” is a small sewage treatment apparatus commonly used in Japan which can effectively treat domestic wastewater in places where a public sewage system is difficult to supply. The behaviour of enterohaemorrhagic E. coli 0157 and Salmonella enteritidis in a “Johkasou” was studied. Their reduction rates depended significantly on the water temperature in the “Johkasou” with minimal decrease in numbers at 10°C within 48 h. The reduction rates increased at 20°C and 30°C where 4 log reduction could be expected. The reduction rates were influenced by the BOD of the solutions that contained the pathogens with the lower the BOD the higher the reduction rate. The reduction rates were about the same between both pathogens. The result showed that it was necessary to disinfect the effluent as some pathogens can pass through the apparatus when some users of the apparatus excrete pathogens.

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