Nitrate shock loading experiments were conducted in a bench scale SBR to investigate the effect of nitrate on phosphorus removal. After achieving satisfactory phosphorus removal under steady state operation, initial NO3-N concentration amounting to 10 and 20 mg /L was fed at the beginning of the cycle. It was observed that, 10 mg/L of NO3-N suppressed phosphorus release during the feed and mix phases. Organic consumption for denitrification lead to limited PHA storage by phosphorus removing bacteria, resulting in less PO4-P removal. For 20 mg/L, influent organic substrate was not sufficient even for complete denitrification, thus leading to the presence of higher NO3-N and PO4-P in effluent. To explain the dynamics of the nutrient removal system under the transient loading, a SBR model based on IAWQ ASM2 was implemented. After adjusting PHA contents, model simulations well predicted dynamic changes of nitrate and phosphate concentrations during a cycle. Based on the model simulations, competition of COD substrate among denitrification, fermentation and oxygen respiration were investigated by calculating their consumption rates during mixing phase. In addition, a nitrate disappearance model was proposed and implemented in conjunction with a settling model to predict remaining and effluent nitrate in a cycle of SBR. Furthermore, integrated model simulations highlighted the effect of remaining nitrate on phosphorus release considering different options of reactions in settling phase.
Modeling effect of remaining nitrate on phosphorus removal in SBR
A. A. Kazmi, M. Fujita, H. Furumai; Modeling effect of remaining nitrate on phosphorus removal in SBR. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2001; 43 (3): 175–182. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2001.0134
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