Biological treatment of a silty clay loam with aged diesel fuel contamination was conducted in 8 L Soil Slurry-Sequencing Batch Reactors (SS-SBRs). The purpose was to monitor slurry conditions and evaluate reactor performance for varying solids concentration (5%, 25%, 40%, 50%), mixing speed(300 rpm, 700 rpm, 1200 rpm), retention time (8 d, 10 d, 20 d), and volume replaced per cycle (10%, 50%, 90%). Diesel fuel was measured in slurry and in filtered aqueous samples. Oxygen uptake rate (OUR) was monitored. Aggregate size was measured with sieve analyses. Biosurfactant production was quantified with surface tension measurements. Increasing solids concentration and decreasing mixing speed resulted in increased aggregate size, which in turn increased effluent diesel fuel concentrations. Diesel fuel removal was unaffected by retention time and volume replaced per cycle. Biosurfactant production occurred with all operating strategies. Foam thickness was related to surfactant concentration and mixing speed. OUR, surfactant concentration, and foam thickness increased with increasing diesel fuel added per cycle.

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