In this study, laboratory-scale experiments were conducted applying the SBR activated sludge process to a wastewater from a wood factory operating on plywood production. Due to the fact that the wastewater is characterised with a high concentration of ammonia, the aim was to evaluate the nitrogen removal process with SBR system operating with a on-line control of ORP, pH and DO. The complete ammonia removal corresponded exactly to the “Ammonia Valley” in the pH versus time graphic. The ammonia removal efficiency in SBR was 99% at 20°C. The denitrification reaction was completed when in the ORP versus time graphic appeared the “Nitrate Knee”. From the experimental results the optimisation of the SBR cycle allowed the doubling of the applied load with respect to a not optimised cycle (performed in the same volume reactor), without a decrease in the removal efficiency. Moreover, the possibility of stopping the aeration just after the appearance of the Ammonia Valley allows an energy saving. The easy operation and the low cost make the SBR system an interesting option for the biological pre-treatment of plywood industry to be discharged into surface water.
On-line control of a SBR system for nitrogen removal from industrial wastewater
G. Andreottola, P. Foladori, M. Ragazzi; On-line control of a SBR system for nitrogen removal from industrial wastewater. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2001; 43 (3): 93–100. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2001.0123
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