This study was conducted to show the influence of upward velocity in the inner column and downward velocity in the outer column of the coaxial cylinder-type flotation column on the solids removal efficiency, solids concentration in the treated water, and so on. The SIMPLE (Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equation) solution was applied to the coaxial flotation column to simulate the velocity vectors of the elements of water flowing in the column. The effects of solids loading and residence time in the agglomerate separation zone on the solids removal efficiency were also tested.
In the pilot scale coaxial DAF column experiments with solids concentration of 1,000–2,000 mg of SS per liter and solids loading less than 350 kg/m2/day, approximately 90% of the solids removal efficiencies were obtained using the upward velocity of up to 110 cm/min in the contact zone of the inner column and the downward velocity of up to 30 cm/min in the outer column. In the simulation, similar results were observed as in the experiments. The solids loading in the excess of 350 kg/m2/day caused the instability of the sludge float layer and aggravated the quality of the treated water.