Industrial wastewater sludge and dredged marine clay are high volume wastes that needed enormous space at landfill disposal sites. Due to the limitation of land space, there is an urgent need for alternative disposal methods for these two wastes. This study investigates the possibility of using the industrial sludge in combination with marine clay as construction aggregates. Different proportions of sludge and clay were made into round and angular aggregates. It was found that certain mix proportions could provide aggregates of adequate strength, comparable to that of conventional aggregates. Concrete samples cast from the sludge-clay aggregates yield compressive strengths in the range of 31.0 to 39.0 N/mm2. The results showed that the round aggregates of 100% sludge and the crush aggregates of sludge with up to 20% clay produced concrete of compressive strengths which are superior to that of 38.0 N/mm2 for conventional aggregate. The study indicates that the conversion of high volume wastes into construction materials is a potential option for waste management.
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Research Article| November 01 2001
Reuse of industrial sludge as construction aggregates
Water Sci Technol (2001) 44 (10): 269–272.
J.H. Tay, K.Y. Show, S.Y. Hong; Reuse of industrial sludge as construction aggregates. Water Sci Technol 1 November 2001; 44 (10): 269–272. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2001.0638
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