The simultaneous removal of carbonaceous and nitrogenous pollution by the activated sludge process is becoming common in industrial and municipal wastewater treatment plants. An oxygenation monitoring process has been developed, which is based on the dynamic analysis of ORP and DO signals and allows the detection of specific characteristic points at the end of the biological nitrification and denitrification.
The aim of this study is to validate this process in a food-processing industry WWTP (slaughterhouse) having large variations of carbonaceous and nitrogenous loads. In order to treat during the peak period, pure oxygen is used. The first part of the study provides a precise diagnosis of the WWTP operation by the analysis of the ORP and DO signals. It is particularly easy to estimate the level of nitrogen treatment actually achieved and the oxygen requirements, and to detect the over- or under-oxygenated phases.
Thanks to the monitoring process, the aerobic period of each cycle is reduced to the optimal duration, providing a reduction of 30% on the energy consumption compared to a traditional schedule. We have demonstrated that the use of pure oxygen associated with the existing air system is particularly relevant for the peak period. The revamping of an existing plant to simultaneously treat the carbon and the ammonia in the same basin is now technically feasible.