Buchenhofen wastewater treatment plant of Wupperverband (650,000 p.e.) is currently being expanded for targeted nitrogen elimination. In view of the limited space available for extension, an optimized control concept is to be used in order to minimize the number of additional tanks required. This concept was investigated by dynamic simulation based on Activated Sludge Model No. 1. The investigations included a pure feedback control configuration and a configuration combining feedback und feedforward control, considering the influent ammonium load, for aeration. The results show that combined feedforward/feedback control has significant advantages over pure feedback control. In particular, this configuration allows a reduction in the effluent NH4-N peaks, which is especially important because of the low NH4-N limit of 5 mg NH4-N/L in a grab sample.

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