The transferability of parameters for non-point source pollution models to other watersheds, especially those in remote areas without enough data for calibration, is a major problem in diffuse pollution modeling. A water quality component was developed for WATFLOOD (a flood forecast hydrological model) to deal with sediment and nutrient transport. The model uses a distributed group response unit approach for water quantity and quality modeling. Runoff, sediment yield and soluble nutrient concentrations are calculated separately for each land cover class, weighted by area and then routed downstream. The distributed approach for the water quality model for diffuse pollution in agricultural watersheds is described in this paper. Integrating the model with data extracted using GIS technology (Geographical Information Systems) for a local watershed, the model is calibrated for the hydrologic response and validated for the water quality component. With the connection to GIS and the group response unit approach used in this paper, model portability increases substantially, which will improve non-point source modeling at the watershed scale level.
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Research Article| May 01 2002
Modeling diffuse pollution with a distributed approach
Water Sci Technol (2002) 45 (9): 149–156.
L.F. León, E.D. Soulis, N. Kouwen, G.J. Farquhar; Modeling diffuse pollution with a distributed approach. Water Sci Technol 1 May 2002; 45 (9): 149–156. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2002.0227
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