Potential for degradation of microcystin by biofilm was examined by some batch experiments using biofilm scraped from practical biological treatment facility combined with conventional treatment processes. The viable cells of Microcystis viridis, which produced microcystin LR, RR and YR were degraded at 6 to 10 days by the addition of biofilm. Biofilm collected in summer season had especially higher potential for degradation of Microcystis with complete degradation at 6 days. In all seasons, Monas spp. grew remarkably, accompanied with the higher decrease of the viable cells of Microcystis and the micro-animals were considered as a main predator for Microcystis cells. Intracellular microcystin LR, RR, YR were degraded simultaneously with high reduction of Microcystis cells. Dissolved microcystin LR of 1,000 μg l−1 was effectively degraded by indigenous aquatic bacteria on biofilm during 5 days, the degradability became higher with the increase in the concentration of microcystin LR. From the results of our research, it was clarified that the aggregated microorganisms consisting of biofilm had high potential for degradation of intracellular and dissolved microcystin.

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