In order to develop a practical biological strategy for water bloom-control in Lake Kasumigaura, indigenous algae-lytic bacteria targeting Microcystis spp. (the dominant cyanobacteria), was first carried out. Some basic lytic characteristics of the isolates concerning the biological and physico-chemical factors in actual water environments were then investigated. Fifteen algae-lytic bacteria were successfully isolated using the double layer method. The isolate showing the highest lytic activity was identified as Bacillus cereus based on the 16SrRNA sequence. Extracellular products of B. cereus were found to be responsible for algae-lytic activity. Algae-lytic assay tests using bacterial supernatants pre-treated under several conditions indicated that the majority of the effective algae-lytic substances were either hydrophilis or hydrophobics with a carbon number less than 18, and with molecular weight less than 2000 Da. The algae-lytic activity of the bacterial supernatant was found to be enhanced under alkaline conditions, but it was lost under acidic conditions. This pH specific characteristic is advantageous for application in water bloom environments where the pH is usually in the alkaline region.
Characterization of an algae-lytic substance secreted by Bacillus cereus, an indigenous bacterial isolate from Lake Kasumigaura
N. Nakamura, K. Nakano, N. Sugiura, M. Matsumura; Characterization of an algae-lytic substance secreted by Bacillus cereus, an indigenous bacterial isolate from Lake Kasumigaura. Water Sci Technol 1 December 2002; 46 (11-12): 257–262. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2002.0747
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