For the examination of the effects of different storm water management strategies in an urban catchment area on receiving water quality, an integrated simulation of the sewer system, wastewater treatment plant and receiving water is carried out. In the sewer system real-time control measures are implemented. As examples of source control measures the reduction of wastewater and the reduction of the amount of impervious surfaces producing storm water discharges are examined. The surface runoff calculation and the simulation of the sewer system and the WWTP are based on a MATLAB®/SIMULINK® simulation environment. The impact of the measures on the receiving water is simulated using AQUASIM. It can be shown that the examined storm water management measures, especially the source control measures, can reduce the combined sewer overflow volume and the pollutant discharge load considerably. All examined measures also have positive effects on the receiving water quality. Moreover, the reduction of impervious surfaces avoids combined sewer overflow activities, and in consequence prevents pollutants from discharging into the receiving water after small rainfall events. However, the receiving water quality improvement may not be seen as important enough to avoid acute receiving water effects in general.
Storm water management in an urban catchment: effects of source control and real-time management of sewer systems on receiving water quality
T. Frehmann, I. Nafo, A. Niemann, W.F. Geiger; Storm water management in an urban catchment: effects of source control and real-time management of sewer systems on receiving water quality. Water Sci Technol 1 September 2002; 46 (6-7): 19–26. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2002.0658
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