Küçükçekmece Lake is a sea lagoon located on the European side of Istanbul city with a drainage area of 4 million inhabitants (year 2040). The original plan to treat all of the wastewater collected from the drainage basin in a single plant located at the Northern end of the lake is compared with the decentralised option involving 4 treatment plants. The initial investment cost of the decentralised option is estimated to be higher than the original plan by an amount of 43 million US $. However, the decentralised option has been chosen finally, considering the low cost and risk of wastewater collection, the possibility of the staging of the services, and the reduced environmental impacts.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.