The potential of converting industrial sludge and dredged marine clay into building and construction materials as an alternative to disposal was investigated in this study. The industrial sludge was mixed with marine clay at various compositions and was shaped into round pellets to be used as concrete aggregates. The pellets were then dried and transferred into a high temperature kiln where they were heated at 1,135°C. The artificial aggregates were more porous then the normal granite aggregate. The occurrence of this condition was suspected to be attributed to two factors, viz. the firing temperature and the amount of sodium in the aggregates. To validate this hypothesis, the aggregates with and without added sodium chloride were fired at temperatures of 1,100 and 1,200°C. Results showed a reduction in the densities of the aggregates with the addition of sodium chloride and the increase in firing temperature.
Manufacturing artificial aggregates from industrial sludge and marine clay with addition of sodium salt
J.H. Tay, S.Y. Hong, K.Y. Show, C.Y. Chien, D.J. Lee; Manufacturing artificial aggregates from industrial sludge and marine clay with addition of sodium salt. Water Sci Technol 1 January 2003; 47 (1): 173–178. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0046
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