The search for sustainable ways of living has necessitated a new look at the way in which water services are provided. The new paradigm includes whole-system perspectives for each of the primary criteria groups: social, environmental and economic. Whilst Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) techniques have been used successfully for products, they are much less used to assess processes. Nonetheless there is much to learn from the use of LCA for a much wider range of applications. An application is described whereby LCA has been used to determine energy, mass flows and environmental impacts for a number of sewer-related options for handling sewer solids, using the SimaPro software. This work has been part of a wider study to provide enhanced decision support systems for water utilities.
Life cycle analysis and sewer solids
H. Gouda, R.M. Ashley, D. Gilmour, H. Smith; Life cycle analysis and sewer solids. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2003; 47 (4): 185–192. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0250
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