Pilot-scale experiments were conducted on exfiltration of wastewater from gravity sewers. The effect of storm events, flushing of pipes and alternating infiltration/exfiltration were simulated. Exfiltration through different types of sewer leaks and into different soils were studied. It was found that the exfiltration rate became constant after some days of exfiltration. It stayed constant for the duration of the experiments, which typically spanned over some weeks. The exfiltration was governed by the development of a clogging zone at the sewer leak and could be characterized by a leakage factor. The leakage factor may then be used to estimate the risk of groundwater pollution from a sewer network.
Exfiltration from gravity sewers: a pilot scale study
J. Vollertsen, T. Hvitved-Jacobsen; Exfiltration from gravity sewers: a pilot scale study. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2003; 47 (4): 69–76. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0223
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