Water problems have to be solved in an integrated way, and sustainability has become a major issue. For this reason, developing more sustainable wastewater treatment processes is needed. New discoveries and good understanding on microbial conversions of nitrogen and phosphorus make more sustainable processes possible. New options for decentralized sustainable sanitation are generally compared to conventional sewage systems, we think that for a proper comparison also innovative centralized treatment schemes should be evaluated. In this article, a more sustainable WWTP is proposed for municipal wastewater treatment, mainly based on the principles of denitrifying dephosphatation and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX). The proposed system consists of a first stage of the A/B process in which maximal sludge production is achieved. In this way, COD is regained as sludge for methanation. The following BCFS® and CANON processes can remove N and P with minimal or no COD need. As a potential fertiliser, struvite can easily be removed from the sludge water by adding magnesium compounds. A case study is done on the basis of the mass balance over the proposed plant. The effluent from the system has a good quality to be recycled. This could also make a contribution to meeting the world's water needs and lessening the impact on the world's water environment. Since all the separate units are already applied or tested on pilot-scale, no problems for technical implementation are foreseen.
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Research Article| July 01 2003
A proposed sustainable BNR plant with the emphasis on recovery of COD and phosphate
*The R & D Centre for Sustainable Environmental Biotechnology, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 1 Zhanlanguan Rd., Beijing 100044, P. R. China. Kluyver Laboratory for Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC Delft, The Netherlands
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Water Sci Technol (2003) 48 (1): 77–85.
X.-D. Hao, M.C.M. van Loosdrecht; A proposed sustainable BNR plant with the emphasis on recovery of COD and phosphate. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2003; 48 (1): 77–85. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0021
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