The simulation of hydrodynamics and transport phenomena in waste stabilization ponds is a developing tool worth studying in order to understand their internal processes and interactions. Pond design involves several physical, hydrological, geometric and dynamic variables so as to provide high hydrodynamic efficiency and maximum substrate utilization rates. CFD modelling allows the combination of these factors to predict the behaviour of ponds having different configurations. The two-dimensional depth-integrated model MIKE 21 was used in this study to simulate hydrodynamic and advection-dispersion processes in a full-scale anaerobic pond (AP) located in southwest Colombia. A set of 12 configurations including sludge contents, inlet-outlet positioning, baffling and pond geometry were modelled. Results showed that a crosswise (diagonally opposite) inlet-outlet layout, a length-to-breadth ratio of 2:1, plus provision of two cross baffles at 1/3 L and 2/3 L were the most effective measures to improve overall AP hydrodynamics and dispersion patterns.

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