Results from a tracer study were used to determine and to compare actual and standard (k20°C) first order reaction rate constants for COD removal in a High Rate Algal Pond (HRAP) and in 3 facultative ponds (FP) in series. An annual average k20°C of 0.123 day-1 was found for the HRAP while the values of 0.097, 0.025 and 0.003 d-1 were found for facultative ponds 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Also, comparing nominal and tracer study hydraulic retention times showed large differences for the FP but not for the HRAP indicating that the former were suffering from severe short-circuiting. Loading rate within the range of operation exhibited a positive correlation with k20°C for the HRAP but did not show such a relationship for any of the FP. Optimal chlorophyll-a concentration was found to be 3 mg/l for the HRAP and only 1.1 mg/l for the FP. Pollutant specific removal rates (SRR), that translate the hydrodynamic efficiency and the rate of COD biodegradation into pond performance per m2 and per day were calculated. They show that the adoption of the HRAP in place of a series of 3 FP reduces the net land area requirement (LAR) by at least 40%.
The reasons behind the performance superiority of a high rate algal pond over three facultative ponds in series
B. El Hamouri, A. Rami, J.-L. Vasel; The reasons behind the performance superiority of a high rate algal pond over three facultative ponds in series. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2003; 48 (2): 269–276. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0130
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