This work describes two alkaline semicontinuous processes for the conversion of refractory organic materials into biodegradable substances. Newsprint was used as a lignocellulosic waste. Methane conversion efficiencies and cellulose removals were investigated for the two following processes: alkaline subcritical-water treatment (ASWT) coupled with methane fermentation and alkaline heat treatment (newsprint heated with steam in an autoclave; AHT) coupled with methane fermentation with a neutral subcritical-water treatment (NSWT) recycle. Results showed that for ASWT coupled with methane fermentation higher methane conversion efficiencies and higher cellulose removals were achieved as HRT increased. At HRT = 20 days, average CH4 conversion efficiency and average cellulose removal reached 26% and 44%, respectively. After a final HRT of 40 days, average CH4 conversion efficiency and average cellulose removal reached 50% and 60%, respectively. On the other hand, for AHT coupled with methane fermentation, methane conversion efficiencies did not show a greater improvement using this pretreatment process. Average conversion reached 9% with an average cellulose removal of 20%. In order to improve the yield of the reactor, approximately one-third of the effluent was recycled using NSWT (150°C; neutral pH). Methane conversion efficiency of this process increased as more recycles were performed. For the fifth operation, the total average methane conversion efficiency was 44% with a total average cellulose removal of 55%.
Alkaline subcritical-water treatment and alkaline heat treatment for the increase in biodegradability of newsprint waste
M.H. Fox, T. Noike, T. Ohki; Alkaline subcritical-water treatment and alkaline heat treatment for the increase in biodegradability of newsprint waste. Water Sci Technol 1 August 2003; 48 (4): 77–84. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0226
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