A light-weight aggregate (LWA) made of expanded clay used as a filter media in wastewater treatment, was tested for sorption of phosphorus (P) in laboratory experiments. The objectives were to investigate the different P retention pools and how grain size, time, temperature and changed P concentration influenced the P binding mechanisms in this type of filter. Three different grain sizes (0-2 mm, 2-4 mm and 0-4 mm) were tested in a batch experiment. The isotherm for the P sorbed by the contact medium (including retention and fixation) was obtained under laboratory conditions. Fifty percent of the P sorption occurred in the first 4-8 hours. Temperature did not substantially influence P sorption for 0-2 mm grain size LWA. In the LWA suspension system, P desorption did not occur when the P content in the loading solution decreased. Fractionation analysis indicated that Ca-bound P, loosely-bound P, and Al-bound P were the predominant P retention pools. The loosely-bound P pool was determined primarily by the equilibrated P concentration in the system. Fe-bound P was negligible in the P sorption of LWA.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.