This study attempted to investigate the feasibility of volatile fatty acid (VFA) production from coffee pulp hydrolyse, and further to determine the potential of methanization of both the pre-acidified effluent and the coffee wastewater. The experiments were carried out in 2 completely mixed reactors, each one with a working volume of 4 litres. Coffee pulp was used as substrate in the acidogenic reactor and different mixtures of pulper and wash-water and pre-acidified effluent in the methanogenic one. The acidogenic and methanogenic reactors were operated at an organic loading rate of 5 COD g.l-1.d-1 and 0.5 COD g.l-1.d-1. The total, soluble and VFA's effluent COD concentrations of the acidogenic reactor present average values of 57.75, 17.00 and 13.92 g.l-1 respectively. Under these experimental conditions, 23% (COD based) of coffee pulp was hydrolysed with a rate of 1.32 gCOD.l-1.d-1 and the soluble fraction was transformed to VFA's with an acidification efficiency of 82%. Total VFA's concentration reached a value of 13.9 gCOD.l-1, and acetate, propionate, butyrate and valerate represented 52%, 28%, 9% and 11% respectively of the liquid phase COD. In the methanogenic reactor, COD removal and methanization of fresh coffee wastewater, pre-acidified effluent and both combined occur with an efficiency of 85% to 95% respectively, with a characteristic biogas composition of 80% CH4 and 20% CO2. These results show that a humid coffee ‘Beneficio’ processing daily 23 tons of cherry coffee (fresh fruit), equipped with a two stage anaerobic digestion process could generate at least 1,886 CH4 m3.d-1. This represents an increase in methane production by a factor 3 to 5 compared to a ‘Beneficio’ using anaerobic digestion only for the treatment of its wastewater.
Liquefaction and methanization of solid and liquid coffee wastes by two phase anaerobic digestion process
E. Houbron, A. Larrinaga, E. Rustrian; Liquefaction and methanization of solid and liquid coffee wastes by two phase anaerobic digestion process. Water Sci Technol 1 September 2003; 48 (6): 255–262. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2003.0410
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