A study of the characteristics of a novel photocatalyst indicated that it consisted of 17.3 nm nano size (average) TiO2 in the anatase phase and porous Fe2O3. SEM results revealed that nano size TiO2 was uniformly deposited onto the surface of Fe2O3 to form a bulk photocatalyst, as TiO2/Fe2O3. The porous TiO2/Fe2O3 catalyst had a BET surface area of 168 m2/g, which is three times higher than that of commercial TiO2. The experimental results indicated that the suspended TiO2/Fe2O3 photocatalyst in a photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) reactor was effective in removing TOC at 61.58% and color400 at 93.25% at 180 min illumination time, under 0.4 g/l catalyst loading and pH 7. Experimental results also revealed that pH at 7 and TiO2/Fe2O3 loading at 0.4 g/l was the optimum condition for removal of humic acids using a PCO reactor. Experimental results clearly indicated that the permeate flux rate of the ultrafiltration (UF) membrane was improved and the filtration membrane fouling phenomenon was reduced with the addition of TiO2/Fe2O3 photocatalysts to the UF membrane system. It was found that increasing the filtration time from 40 min to 185 min, the improvement to the permeate flux rate was from 57 to 83 L/hr.m2.

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