Characterisation of grey water reveals a source water that is similar in organic strength to a low-medium strength municipal sewage influent but with physical and biodegradability characteristics similar to a tertiary treated effluent. The characteristics of the water suggest biological processes are the most suitable unit processes for treating grey water. The highly variable nature of the source requires that selected technologies must be inherently robust in their operation. One potential area of concern is the high COD/BOD ratio and nutrient deficiency in terms of both macro and micro nutrients which grey water exhibits potentially retard the efficacy of biological processes.
Grey water characterisation and its impact on the selection and operation of technologies for urban reuse
B Jefferson, A. Palmer, P. Jeffrey, R. Stuetz, S. Judd; Grey water characterisation and its impact on the selection and operation of technologies for urban reuse. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2004; 50 (2): 157–164. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2004.0113
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