Research on appropriate technologies and infrastructures to support water reuse has progressed rapidly over recent decades and there are now a wide range of source - treatment - reuse options for planners to choose from. Although the economics of water reuse schemes favours application to new developments rather than retrofit projects, there are few studies which have sought to address strategic option selection issues for large developments. The potential advantages of using treatment and reuse systems in new developments require an understanding of the relationships between a wide variety of social, environmental, technological, and operational factors. The operational effectiveness and economic efficiency of specific technology choices will vary as a function of network configuration, wastewater characteristics, how different technologies respond to dynamic loading (variability of feed strength and flow) and potential spiking, as well as equipment reliability, climate and household behaviour. Using a commercially available software package, the study reports the design and implementation of a low resolution simulation tool to explore sustainable water management options for a live case study site in the south of England (a peri-urban development of 4,500 new homes) with particular reference to opportunities for rainwater harvesting, and water reuse.
Strategic options for sustainable water management at new developments: the application of a simulation model to explore potential water savings
N. Alegre, P. Jeffrey, B. McIntosh, J.S. Thomas, I. Hardwick, S. Riley; Strategic options for sustainable water management at new developments: the application of a simulation model to explore potential water savings. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2004; 50 (2): 9–15. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2004.0076
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