Biosolids odour emissions can affect the ability of wastewater utilities to implement beneficial biosolids processing and reuse programs. Communities often become more sensitised and vocal about biosolids issues, once they experience odours emanating from a nearby site. Odour impacts from biosolids, including potential human health effects, have been targeted recently by many national and local newspapers, citizens' groups, and regulatory agencies, who have raised significant concerns, ranging from viable disposal methods/sites to outright bans. Many national and local regulatory agencies in the United States are considering biosolids disposal bans in their communities because of misinformation, poor science, and citizen pressure, but primarily because of odour impact concerns. The wastewater industry has a relatively poor understanding of the operations and treatment parameters that influence biosolids odour emissions. Thus, wastewater treatment plants are often unable to control the odour quality of the biosolids that are delivered into communities. A research study to demonstrate the influence of anaerobic digestion, mechanical dewatering, and storage design and operating parameters on the odour quality of the final product was performed and is the subject of this paper. Established and new sampling and analytical methods were used to measure biosolids odour emissions from 11 test sites in North America. By determining the impacts of these control variables on biosolids odour quality, design and operations of anaerobic digestion systems might be enhanced. This paper also summarises a corollary study performed as part of the WERF research study that addresses the health effects of biosolids odours.
Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) anaerobic digestion and related processes, odour and health effects study
J.R. Witherspoon, G. Adams, W. Cain, E. Cometto-Muniz, B. Forbes, L. Hentz, J.T. Novack, M. Higgins, S. Murthy, D. McEwen, H.T. Ong, G.T. Daigger; Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) anaerobic digestion and related processes, odour and health effects study. Water Sci Technol 1 August 2004; 50 (4): 9–16. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2004.0206
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