2,2-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) propane or Bisphenol A (BPA), has been reported to behave as an endocrine disrupter below acute toxic levels, and is widely present in the water environment. Although BPA is easily chlorinated, very little is reported on the effect of chlorinated BPA to the aquatic organisms. In this study, the estrogenic activities of BPA and its chlorinated derivatives were evaluated by the induction of vitellogenin (VTG) in the serum of mature male Japanese medaka. In addition, the effect of sodium hypochlorite on the decomposition of BPA was tested. The relative potencies of estrogenic activities of chlorinated BPA descended in the order 3,3′-diClBPA>BPA≥3-ClBPA>3,3′,5-triClBPA, and no estrogenic activity was observed in 3,3′,5,5′-tetraClBPA. Lowest Observed Effect Concentration (LOEC) and No Observed Effect Concentration (NOEC) for both 3-ClBPA and 3,3′-diClBPA were 500 μg/L and 200 μg/L, respectively. LOEC for 3,3′,5-triClBPA was >500 μg/L. When BPA was reacted with sodium hypochlorite (24 hours; residual chlorine at 1 ppm), however, complete decomposition of BPA and its chlorinated derivatives was observed. The decrease in BPA and its chlorinated derivatives paralleled the decrease in estrogenic potency evaluated by the induction of vitellogenin (VTG) in the serum of mature male Japanese medaka.
The effect of bisphenol A and chlorinated derivatives of bisphenol A on the level of serum vitellogenin in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes)
A. Tabata, N. Watanabe, I. Yamamoto, Y. Ohnishi, M. Itoh, T. Kamei, Y. Magara, Y. Terao; The effect of bisphenol A and chlorinated derivatives of bisphenol A on the level of serum vitellogenin in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes). Water Sci Technol 1 September 2004; 50 (5): 125–132. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2004.0319
Download citation file: