A comparative analysis about the accumulation of heavy metal, natural and technogenic radionuclides from the Black Sea environment in different Bulgarian coastline regions is made. The possibilities to use Chlorophyta and Rhodophyta algae phylums as bioindicators in marine environment are investigated. Environmental contamination in the Black Sea alga species (green and red) was studied from 1992 to 2003. Sampling sites were selected to cover the whole coastal region. Low level gamma spectrometry was used to determine the natural and technogenic nuclide concentrations. The heavy metal concentrations were measured by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS). The obtained data show that radionuclide and metal concentrations depend on the macrophyte type. Tendencies in the concentration of pollutant variations during the studied period are examined and all data give information about different macrophytic species' ability to accumulate certain elements from one and the same sampling location. All obtained results show that use of macroalgae in marine environmental monitoring reduces the need for complex studies on chemical speciation of aquatic contaminants and makes algae valuable indicators for seawater quality assessment. All data show the lack of serious pollution along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast.
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Research Article| June 01 2005
Comparative analysis of heavy metal and radionuclide contaminants in Black Sea green and red macroalgae
Water Sci Technol (2005) 51 (11): 1–8.
A.S. Strezov, Tz.P. Nonova; Comparative analysis of heavy metal and radionuclide contaminants in Black Sea green and red macroalgae. Water Sci Technol 1 June 2005; 51 (11): 1–8. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2005.0384
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