Dyeing wastewater was post-treated by using nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. To reduce membrane fouling, poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with a neutral charge was coated on NF and RO membranes. The effect of surface charge and surface roughness on membrane fouling was investigated. Dyeing wastewater was pre-treated by using coagulation, activated sludge process, and MF process to investigate the effect of the pre-treatment on the membrane fouling. It is demonstrated that the extent of fouling is significantly influenced by the surface roughness and the surface charge on the NF and RO membranes. A membrane with a smooth and neutral surface was fouled less. The pre-treatment was essential for avoiding NF and RO membranes fouling. The quality of the final permeate was acceptable for water reuse.

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