Manufacturer-supplied powdered activated carbon (PAC) was ground to produce submicrometre particles (0.8 and 0.6 μm median diameter) for use as an adsorbent before microfiltration (MF) for drinking water treatment. Batch tests revealed that the microground PAC adsorbed natural organic matter (NOM) much more rapidly and had a higher adsorptive capacity than ordinary PAC. The water samples pretreated with the submicrometre PAC were subjected to MF, and the results of experiments with different PAC contact times revealed that a 1 min retention time was sufficient for adsorptive removal of NOM. The use of submicrometre PAC permitted not only shorter PAC contact times but also a 75% reduction in dose.
Rapid adsorption pretreatment with submicrometre powdered activated carbon particles before microfiltration
Y. Matsui, R. Murase, T. Sanogawa, N. Aoki, S. Mima, T. Inoue, T. Matsushita; Rapid adsorption pretreatment with submicrometre powdered activated carbon particles before microfiltration. Water Sci Technol 1 March 2005; 51 (6-7): 249–256. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2005.0644
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