Chemicals that are known or suspected of being endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have received increased attention over the past decade for their potential presence in drinking water sources. This study focuses on the development of a hybrid system that combines the advantages of nanofiltration (NF) and homogeneous catalytic oxidation, which include compactness, operational facilitation, high treatment efficiency, and selective reaction capability. Iron(III)-tetrasulfophthalocyanine (Fe-TsPc) was employed as a homogeneous metal catalyst to degrade bisphenol-A (BPA), a representative EDC. The treatment efficiency of BPA as well as operational characteristics of the hybrid system was investigated to examine the applicability of this technique to decrease the concentration of EDCs in drinking water. Fe-TsPc homogeneous catalyst revealed a remarkable activity in degrading BPA under acidic condition. The high rejection of Fe-TsPc catalyst in the feed stream by the membrane for its large molecular weight (976 Da) and functional group (SO3− X4) allowed the continuous use of the catalyst for BPA oxidation reaction. The NF with Fe-TsPc/H2O2 hybrid system turned out to have higher BPA treatment efficiency comparing with the NF-only system since the hybrid system reduced BPA concentration in the feed stream by catalytic destruction of BPA as well as it mitigated concentration polarization on the surface of the membrane.
Removal of endocrine disruptors using homogeneous metal catalyst combined with nanofiltration membrane
J.H. Kim, H. Kwon, S. Lee, C.H. Lee; Removal of endocrine disruptors using homogeneous metal catalyst combined with nanofiltration membrane. Water Sci Technol 1 March 2005; 51 (6-7): 381–390. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2005.0660
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