Separation of wastewater streams produced in households according to their origin, degree of pollution and affinity to a specific treatment constitutes a starting point in the DESAR concept (decentralised sanitation and reuse). Concentrated black water and kitchen waste carry the highest load of organic matter and nutrients from all waste(water)streams generated from different human activities. Anaerobic digestion of concentrated black water is a core technology in the DESAR concept. The applicability of the UASB septic tank for treatment of concentrated black water was investigated under two different temperatures, 15 and 25 °C. The removal of total COD was dependent on the operational temperature and attained 61 and 74% respectively. A high removal of the suspended COD of 88 and 94% respectively was measured. Effluent nutrients were mainly in the soluble form. Precipitation of phosphate was observed. Effective sludge/water separation, long HRT and higher operational temperature contributed to a reduction of E. coli. Based on standards there is little risk of contamination with heavy metals when treated effluent is to be applied in agriculture as fertiliser.
Performance of UASB septic tank for treatment of concentrated black water within DESAR concept
K. Kujawa-Roeleveld, T. Fernandes, Y. Wiryawan, A. Tawfik, M. Visser, G. Zeeman; Performance of UASB septic tank for treatment of concentrated black water within DESAR concept. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2005; 52 (1-2): 307–313. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2005.0532
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