Polycyclic and nitro musks and two fragrances (Acetyl cedrene and Amberonne) have been determined and quantified in influent and effluent waste water, river water and tap water samples from different European countries by closed loop stripping analysis (CLSA) as a method of preconcentration and GC/MS operating in the SIM mode.
Limits of detection; precision expressed as repeatability and reproducibility relative standard deviations of the method; matrix effects and the estimation of the uncertainty have been evaluated.
All samples contained different musks at ng/l levels being the polycyclic musks Galaxolide and Tonalide and both fragrances, Amberonne and Acetyl cedrene the most abundant. Removal of these main compounds is achieved partially in all waste water treatment plants studied. These results suggest the importance of studying and controlling the presence of these ubiquitous environmental compounds in water systems.