In Europe, large volumes of public water supply come from urban aquifers and so efficient urban water management and decision tools are essential to maintain quality of life both in terms of health, personal freedom and environment. In the United Kingdom, this issue gained increased importance with the last year's low volumes of groundwater replenishment that resulted in increased water shortages all over the country. An urban water volume and quality model (UVQ) was applied to a suburb of Doncaster (United Kingdom) to assess the current water supply system and to compare it with new potential scenarios of water management. The initial results show considerable changes in both water and solute fluxes for some scenarios and rather limited changes for others. Changing impermeable roads and paved areas to permeable areas, for example, would lead to higher infiltration rates that may be welcome from a water resources viewpoint but less so from a water quality point of view due to high concentrations of heavy metals. The biggest impact on water quality and quantity leaving the system through sewer, storm water and infiltration system was clearly obtained by re-using grey water from kitchen, bathroom and laundry for irrigation and toilet flush. The testing of this strategy led to lower volumes and higher concentrations of sewerage, a considerable decrease in water consumption and an increase in groundwater recharge. The scenarios were tested neither in terms of costs nor social acceptance for either water supplier or user.
Effect of different water management strategies on water and contaminant fluxes in Doncaster,United Kingdom
J. Rueedi, A.A. Cronin, B. Moon, L. Wolf, H. Hoetzl; Effect of different water management strategies on water and contaminant fluxes in Doncaster,United Kingdom. Water Sci Technol 1 November 2005; 52 (9): 115–123. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2005.0300
Download citation file:
Impact Factor 1.915
CiteScore 3.3 • Q2
First Decision in 30 days