In the frame of the Petróleos Mexicanos Institutional Program for Sustainable Development, processes were evaluated in the manufacture operation of the petrochemical industry, with the purpose of reducing their ecological fingerprint. Thirteen cleaner production opportunities were registered in six process plants: ethylene oxide and glycols, acetaldehyde, ethylene, high density polyethylene, polypropylene switch and acrylonitrile, and 45 recommendations in the waste water treatment plant. Morelos is the second most important petrochemical complex in the Mexican and Latin American petrochemical industry. A tool was developed to obtain eco-efficiency indicators in operation processes, and as a result, potential savings were obtained based on best performance, as well as the integrated distribution of Sankey diagrams. Likewise, a mechanism of calculation to obtain economic savings based on the reduction of residues during the whole productive process is proposed. These improvement opportunities and recommendations will result in economic and environmental benefits minimising the use of water, efficient use of energy, raw materials and reducing residues from source, generating less environmental impacts during the process.
Cleaner production and methodological proposal of eco-efficiency measurement in a Mexican petrochemical complex
M.A. Morales, V.M. Herrero, S.A. Martínez, M.G. Rodríguez, E. Valdivieso, G. Garcia, Ma. de los Ángeles Elías; Cleaner production and methodological proposal of eco-efficiency measurement in a Mexican petrochemical complex. Water Sci Technol 1 May 2006; 53 (11): 11–16. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.332
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