Surface and ground water was sampled in a degraded bog area 36 times during 1993–2003 at Five representative points: point E (natural area with Sphagnum as the main vegetal cover), point W (boundary between the natural and degraded areas), point W' (area installed with vinyl sheeting), point WW (area where Sasa thrives), and point NC (area with naturally formed ditches). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted for parameters measured in surface water and ground water at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 m depths. “Sampling point” (i.e. locations along the degradation gradient) accounted for most of the variation in surface and ground water chemistry. It accounted for 30–80% of the total variation in pH, electrical conductivity, ammonia, dissolved nitrogen, major cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+ , Mg2+ ), alkalinity and dissolved organic carbon. “Year” accounted for more variation in nitrate, nitrite, chloride, and sulfate than the sampling point did, but the variation in dissolved reactive phosphorus and dissolved phosphorus concentrations was not based on any of the calculated variables.

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