Investigations were focused on the development of a technology for phosphorus (P) recovery straight from wastewater. Facing the finiteness of the natural resources of this essential nutrient, the declared goal must be the sustainable use of available phosphorus sinks such as wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) for the generation of P rock substitutes. A feasible method for simultaneous elimination and recovery of phosphorus from wastewater proved to be the P-RoC process – the phosphorus recovery from wastewater by induced crystallisation of calcium phosphate, applying tobermorite-rich waste compounds of the construction industry. The experiments were performed in fixed bed-, stirred- and expanded bed reactors in laboratory- as well as in pilot-scale experiments. The efficiency and longevity of the P-RoC process was determined by the supply of Ca ions and the initial P concentration. Total P (P-tot) contents in the generated crystallisation products of up to 13% P-tot (30% P2O5) were achieved. Mineralogical investigations proved the formation of a hydroxy-apatite-(HAP)-like coating onto the seed material's surface. Reuse options for the generated crystallisation products, such as substitute for phosphate rock or as new fertiliser, were assessed.
Phosphorus removal and recovery from wastewaterby tobermorite-seeded crystallisation of calcium phosphate
U. Berg, D. Donnert, P.G. Weidler, E. Kaschka, G. Knoll, R. Nüesch; Phosphorus removal and recovery from wastewaterby tobermorite-seeded crystallisation of calcium phosphate. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2006; 53 (3): 131–138. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.084
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