Many exciting new technologies for water-quality control combine microbiological processes with adsorption, advanced oxidation, a membrane or an electrode to improve performance, address emerging contaminants or capture renewable energy. An excellent example is the H2-based membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR), which delivers H2 gas to a biofilm that naturally accumulates on the outer surface of a bubbleless membrane. Autotrophic bacteria in the biofilm oxidise the H2 and use the electrons to reduce NO3−, ClO4− and other oxidised contaminants. This natural partnership of membranes and biofilm makes it possible to gain many cost, performance and simplicity advantages from using H2 as the electron donor for microbially catalysed reductions. The MBfR has been demonstrated for denitrification in drinking water; reduction of perchlorate in groundwater; reduction of selenate, chromate, trichloroethene and other emerging contaminants; advanced N removal in wastewater treatment and autotrophic total-N removal.
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Research Article| February 01 2006
The membrane biofilm reactor: the natural partnership of membranes and biofilm
1Arizona State University, Center for Environmental Biotechnology, 1001 S. McAllister Ave., Tempe, AZ 85287-5701, USA,
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Water Sci Technol (2006) 53 (3): 219–225.
B.E. Rittmann; The membrane biofilm reactor: the natural partnership of membranes and biofilm. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2006; 53 (3): 219–225. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.096
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