To reduce MBR O&M costs, a new MBR process that conducts efficient simultaneous biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal (BNR) was developed. In the development of this process, various approaches were taken, including reduction of power demand, chemical consumption and sludge disposal costs. To address power demand reductions, air supply requirements for membrane cleaning were reduced. The process adopted an improved membrane that requires less air for cleaning than conventional membranes. It also introduced cyclic aeration, which alternately supplies washing air to the two series of membrane units. Adoption of biological phosphorus removal eliminated chemical costs for phosphorus removal and contributed to the reduction of sludge disposal costs. By combining these technologies, compared to conventional MBR processes, an approximately 27% reduction in O&M costs was achieved.

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