Instrumentation, control and automation (ICA) are key technologies in modern water and wastewater systems. Ever present disturbances make it necessary to automatically attenuate their consequences. A wastewater treatment system is load driven, while a water distribution system is demand driven. Despite the variability the system outputs have to be satisfactory. Economic realities encourages the application of ICA to make a maximum use of plant capacities. An increasing complexity of competing processes in a modern nutrient removal plant makes more elaborate control necessary. The final goal of protecting the environmental resources necessitates an integrated view of several interdependent systems, the collection, transport and treatment processes. In this integrating development ICA will be a decisive technology.
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Research Article| February 01 2006
Instrumentation, control and automation in the water industry – state-of-the-art and new challenges
1Dept. of Industrial Electrical Engineering and Automation (IEA), Lund University, P.O. Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden,
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Water Sci Technol (2006) 53 (4-5): 1–16.
G. Olsson; Instrumentation, control and automation in the water industry – state-of-the-art and new challenges. Water Sci Technol 1 February 2006; 53 (4-5): 1–16. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.097
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