Batch filtration tests were conducted to compare the characteristics of membrane biofouling with regard to nitrification and denitrification. A Modified Fouling Index (MFI) was obtained using a stirred cell tester. The denitrification assays showed higher membrane fouling rates than the nitrification assays.The fouling became worse, not only due to pore blocking resistance, but also from cake layer resistance after denitrification. The Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPS) concentration and relative hydrophobicity were decreased after denitrification, resulting in floc deterioration. The floc deterioration was assumed to have increased the cake layer resistance in the filtration test. The protein Soluble Microbial Products (SMP) concentration, portion of high molecular weight in carbohydrate SMP and relative hydrophobicity were increased after denitrification, which was assumed to cause membrane pore blocking. The changes in the EPS and SMP characteristics were the main fouling parameters in denitrification.

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