Twelve enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), for the determination of surfactants [linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS), alkyl ethoxylates (AE), and alkylphenol ethoxylates (APE)], endocrine disruptors [alkylphenol (AP), AP + APE, and bisphenol A (BPA)], estrogens [17beta-estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), estrogen (ES: E1 + E2 + estriol (E3)), 17alfa-ethynylestradiol (EE2)], dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), were validated on environmental water and industrial wastes. The lowest quantification limits of these ELISAs were 0.05 μg/L (BPA, E2, E1, ES and EE2), 2 μg/L (AE), 3 μg/L (dioxins and PCBs), 5 μg/L (AP, AP + APE) and 20 μg/L (LAS and APE). To apply these ELISAs to environmental or industrial waste samples, simple and appropriate pre-treatment methods were also developed for each ELISA. With optimized pre-treatments, the values of ELISAs were well co-related, in all cases, to those of instrumental analytical methods such as liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and high-resolution gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HR-GC-MS), etc.
The use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for the determination of pollutants in environmental and industrial wastes
M. Hirobe, Y. Goda, Y. Okayasu, J. Tomita, H. Takigami, M. Ike, H. Tanaka; The use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for the determination of pollutants in environmental and industrial wastes. Water Sci Technol 1 December 2006; 54 (11-12): 1–9. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.735
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