An easy-to-implement controller based on gas phase measurements for anaerobic digestion processes was developed. The controller is based on the indirect control of COD in the effluent by means of controlling the hydrogen concentration in the biogas. The fast response of hydrogen under destabilizations, such as those caused by overloads, guarantees an early actuation on the system before it destabilizes. The controller is designed such that it brings the anaerobic digestion process to maximum capacity by pushing it to maximum methane production as long as hydrogen remains low. Experiments have been conducted to test the controller under organic over- and underload situations and promising performance was achieved. Further experiments must be carried out to validate the controller under a wider spectrum of situations to enable its robust industrial application.
A hydrogen-based variable-gain controller for anaerobic digestion processes
J. Rodríguez, G. Ruiz, F. Molina, E. Roca, J.M. Lema; A hydrogen-based variable-gain controller for anaerobic digestion processes. Water Sci Technol 1 July 2006; 54 (2): 57–62. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.486
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