Reuse of sewage sludges as phosphorus fertiliser requires the estimation of the plant availabilities of phosphorus (P) from different sludges. This study investigates the effect of lime stabilisation on the phosphorus availability from biological phosphorus removal sludges. In the first part of the study, pot experiments were carried out to assess the fertilising effect of a dewatered biological phosphorus removal sludge. Availability of P was determined in terms of plant-uptake. In the second part of the study, incubation tests were carried out to observe the change in the available P with time when the waste activated sludge (WAS) from an enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) process is mixed with the same soil. In this part, the plant available P was measured in terms of Olsen extractable P. A P-deficient, alkaline soil was used in the experiments and Lollium Perenne was selected as the testing plant. The results of the pot experiments revealed that lime-stabilisation of the sludge considerably decreased or retarded the availability of P in the sludge. In the incubation tests, the availability of phosphorus in the lime stabilised and non-stabilised sludge amended soil samples was close to each other. In general, P-availability was increased due to the sludge application except for the lime-stabilised dewatered sludge.
Agricultural use of municipal wastewater sludges: phosphorus availability of biological excess phosphorus removal sludges
A. Erdincler, L.D. Seyhan; Agricultural use of municipal wastewater sludges: phosphorus availability of biological excess phosphorus removal sludges. Water Sci Technol 1 September 2006; 54 (5): 131–138. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.555
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