A physicochemical sludge with high microbial content (102–104 FPU/g TS bacteriophages, 106–107 MPN/g TS faecal coliforms, 104 MPN/g TS Salmonella spp., 104 MPN/g TS Shigella spp., 103 MPN/g TS Pseudomonas aeruginosa,102 MPN/g TS Vibrio cholerae, 102–103 cysts/g TS Giardia sp., 102–104 oocyts/g TS Cryptosporidium sp., 168–215 viable helminth ova/g TS) was disinfected using silver, silver-copper, and silver-copper plus a synergistic agent (SA). Twenty milligrams Ag/g TS inactivated 4.8 log of faecal coliforms in 1 h; however, 40 mg Ag/g TS are needed to reduce helminth ova viability from 84 to 38.4% in the same period of time. Combinations of Ag-Cu (60:600 mg Ag-Cu/g TS) and Ag-SA (60:24 mg Ag-SA/g TS) inactivated 7.8 log of faecal coliforms and around 90% of helminth ova in 60 min. To produce USEPA class A biosolids, 10:100:8 and 5:50:13.3 mg Ag-Cu-SA/gTS are needed. Bacterial regrowth was not observed for all conditions producing <1,000 MPN/gTS faecal coliforms, suggesting a residual disinfection effect. Recommended doses to produce class A biosolids inactivated 2–4 log of bacteriophages, 4 log of Salmonella spp., 4 log of Shigella spp., 3 log of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 2 log of Vibrio cholerae, 87–99.9% of Giardia sp., and 75–99.9% of Cryptosporidium sp.
Disinfection of sludge with high pathogenic content using silver and other compounds
P. Aguilar, B. Jiménez, C. Maya, T. Orta de Velasquez, V. Luna; Disinfection of sludge with high pathogenic content using silver and other compounds. Water Sci Technol 1 September 2006; 54 (5): 179–187. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.561
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