Although various numerical methods were used to simulate real floods occurring in cities, the validation of the models was never accurate because of the lack of data about location and event description and about observation for validation. In order to check the capacities of our 2-dimensional shallow water equations model to simulate an urban flood, we then decided to simulate numerically an experimental event with well known characteristics and accurate flow measurements. The physical model presented in (Ishigaki et al., 2003) represents the flooding of the city center of Kyoto in Japan due to an overflow from the Kamo river. The 2-dimensional numerical simulation of this event was then set up and the experimental and computed data were compared. It appears that the event was calculated quite fairly in terms of flow depth and flow rates in the streets and in terms of timing. However, some discrepancies appear between the measurements and the numerical results, mostly due to some topographical local uncertainties and to the capacities of the equations to model the complex flows in the crossroads.
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Research Article| September 01 2006
Comparison of numerical and experimental simulations of a flood in a dense urban area
Water Sci Technol (2006) 54 (6-7): 65–73.
E. Mignot, A. Paquier, T. Ishigaki; Comparison of numerical and experimental simulations of a flood in a dense urban area. Water Sci Technol 1 September 2006; 54 (6-7): 65–73. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2006.596
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