Among the many methods available for the removal of heavy metals in urban nonpoint source pollution (NSP), adsorption has been shown to be an economically feasible alternative. To adsorb the amount of heavy metals in runoff, filtration of runoff through a specially constructed filter system is one possible treatment method. The mulch layer in a specially constructed filter system functions through adsorptive-filtration, where some pollutants are immobilised through sorption and some pollutants associated with suspended solids are immobilised through filtration. Therefore, the major interest of this study was to investigate the possibility of utilising mulch for the adsorption of heavy metals such as cadmium, copper, lead and zinc for a solution typical of those found in urban runoff using the flask-type adsorption batch tests and laboratory column tests. From the equilibrium sorption batch tests, it was observed that the adsorption of heavy metals on mulch with the same initial concentrations of metals in the solution decreased in the order Pb(II)> Cu(II)> Zn(II)> Cd(II) regardless of changes in pH. In column tests, the breakthrough curves for various heavy metals' adsorption by mulch showed that the binding strength of the following metal ions onto mulch was as follows: Pb(II)> Cu(II)> Zn(II)> Cd(II).
Application of mulch for treating metals in urban runoff: batch and column test
A. Jang, S.-W. Lee, Y. Seo, K.-W. Kim, I.S. Kim, P.L. Bishop; Application of mulch for treating metals in urban runoff: batch and column test. Water Sci Technol 1 January 2007; 55 (1-2): 95–103. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.024
Download citation file: