A study was conducted to evaluate the nutrient removal capability of an existing and successfully operated overland flow and wetland wastewater treatment system following a waste stabilization pond. Seasonal temperature effects on performance were also investigated. The treatment system studied consists of a two-cell waste stabilization pond followed by an overland flow system and a wetland system. The influent and effluent samples were analyzed for BOD5, suspended solids (SS), pH, temperature, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and total phosphorus. The results of the study indicate that the combined pond, overland flow and wetland system provided excellent treatment of municipal wastewater. The overall average BOD5 removal by the entire treatment system was about 90.0% and the overall average suspended solids removal was about 93.4%. The ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus removal efficiencies of the entire treatment system were 90.7% and 84.2%, respectively.
Integrated advanced natural wastewater treatment system for small communities
R.Y. Surampalli, S.K. Banerji, R.D. Tyagi, P.Y. Yang; Integrated advanced natural wastewater treatment system for small communities. Water Sci Technol 1 June 2007; 55 (11): 239–243. doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2007.371
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